Chloroquine belongs to anti-parasite medicines. Its main function is to kill two kinds of parasites that cause malaria and amebiasis. The drug is used in other clinical trials related to the treatment of viruses such as Covid-19. The Food and Drug Association does not mention it in the list of effective anti-coronavirus pills because the trial did not provide a positive treatment outcome.
Today, scientists continue researching drug effectiveness against other diseases and malaria. When new information is discovered, the FDA upgrades articles on their official website. So, if patients doubt the expediency of Chloroquine in the treatment of their health condition, they might check the official information on this website.
Chloroquine in the Treatment of Amebiasis
If people consume a beverage or food that has protozoa, they might become sick with amebiasis. The main symptoms of the disease are:
- stomach pain
- digestive disorders (usually bloody diarrhea)
- flu-like symptoms
- lack of appetite
Except for stomach damage, it might negatively affect the liver, brain, and lungs. Some people notice the first symptoms in a couple of days after the food or drink consumption. Others require months and often fail to diagnose the disease quickly.
Chloroquine is usually prescribed for up to three weeks. Adults start with an increased dose (1000 mg). They take it twice a day within 48 hours. Then they go on taking 500 mg pills during 14-21 days. There is no universal dose in pediatrics. A doctor assesses the health state of a child and decides what dose to prescribe regarding a kid’s weight.
Chloroquine in the Treatment of Malaria
Mosquitoes spread malaria in subtropical and tropical regions. Health advisors recommend their patients who work or have business trips in such regions take Chloroquine as a preventive measure. Malaria is a very dangerous disease that has lethal outcomes without correct treatment. The basic symptoms of the infection are:
- burning ague,
- pain in the whole body,
- stomach upset,
- breathing difficulties,
- fast heartbeat.
If a person is going to travel to potentially dangerous countries, he or she should follow a doctor’s recommendations. As a rule, these are:
- Pediatric use – 5 mg per 1 kilo weekly. A child should take the pill regularly. It means that medicine must be taken at the same time and the same day every week as long as the GP says (for example, every Tuesday at 5 PM). The preventive treatment lasts 10 weeks (2 – before entering a malaria region and 8 – after having left it).
- Adults – the treatment duration has the same schedule as in children (2 and 8 week periods before and after travel). The main difference is in dosing. Adults usually take 500 mg weekly on the same day and time to guarantee the required level of Chloroquine in the organism.
If patients feel symptoms of malaria, they should consult a specialist and change the treatment system.
- Adults start their treatment with 1000 mg the first day and 500 mg from six to eight hours after the first dose. Then, two or three days 500 mg per 24 hours.
- Low body-weight adults and kids should tell a specialist their body mass to decide the correct dose. The first dose is usually bigger and makes 10 mg per 1 kilo of the body mass. Then, a person takes the next 5mg/kg doses in six, twenty-four, and thirty-six hours after the first dose.
One should keep in touch with health specialists and inform them about negative experiences or zero effects. Thanks to that, a doctor will be able to provide on-time treatment with the help of other drugs or by increasing the dose.
Negative Experiences after Chloroquine Intake
Sometimes, it is hard to recognize the side effects of Chloroquine because they echo with malaria and amebiasis symptoms. The most adverse effects are:
- stomach upset
- pains, especially in the abdominal part,
There could be other negative aspects of drug intake. Patients should immediately inform their GPs about the following side effects:
- vision and hearing problems,
- heart failures,
- ongoing symptoms that get worse,
- symptoms of kidney or liver failure,
- hair loss,
- skin color changes,
The pills might affect their blood sugar level. Some patients start feeling symptoms of diabetes after the intake. These are abnormal sweating, constant hunger, dizziness, tingles in limbs, and vision hardships. If people notice these symptoms, they should immediately test their blood and stabilize their blood sugar level with the help of a diet, supplements, or drugs.
Interactions and Precautions
Doctors can make treatment mistakes if patients conceal information about their current health state, bad habits, and drugs, food supplements, and diets they are keeping to. Some supplementary food, diets, alcohol, nicotine, addictive drugs, and medicines might hurt the medication results. Substances can either interact or reduce the effect of the pill. That is why a person must be honest when filling in the blank.
Women should tell a doctor about their plans of becoming pregnant, oral contraception, pregnancy, or breastfeeding period. Sportsmen should tell whether they take steroids and dietary supplements.
Patients should not stay long under the sun rays when taking Chloroquine. It might lead to burns and pigment spots on the skin. Moreover, eyes might get hurt as well. So, it is better to wear sunglasses in sunny weather.
Interaction of Chloroquine and contradictory drugs provoke health-threatening side effects such as allergic reaction, heart failure, fainting, and others.
Overdose symptoms are the same as negative effects in case of drug interaction or drug intolerance. One should follow the doctor’s prescription and even create a schedule to avoid missed doses and overdose. It is better to create a phone notification. In case an overdose happens, one should get professional help.